Ligament repair and injury
March 22 2017

A ligament is a tough, fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages at a joint or supporting an organ. In contrast, a tendon is tough, fibrous tissue that connects a muscle to a bone.

Knee ligament
Most people who've had surgery to repair a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) do well at the 6-week mark with a simple neoprene knee sleeve rather than an expensive functional knee brace.

Knee Surg Relat Res. 2013. Current Trends in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. The advances in the knowledge of anatomy, surgical techniques, and fixation devices have led to the improvement of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction over the past 10 years. Nowadays, double bundle and anatomical single bundle ACL reconstruction that more closely restores the normal anatomy of the ACL are becoming popular. Although there is still no definite conclusion whether double bundle ACL reconstruction provides better clinical results than single bundle reconstruction, the trend has shifted to anatomic reconstruction regardless of single bundle or double bundle techniques. We could not find any significant differences in the clinical outcomes and stability after ACL reconstruction according to the type of graft or fixation device. Therefore, surgeons should select an ideal ACL reconstruction according to the patient's condition and surgeon's experience.

Clin Lab. 2015. Synovial Fluid α-MSH Levels are Inversely Correlated with Articular Cartilage Degeneration in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Deficient Knees. Secondary osteoarthritis after ligament or meniscus injury generally causes great burdens to patients. Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH ), a 13 amino acid neuropeptide produced by intracellular cleavage of the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) hormone, has been proven to suppress inflammation and protect cartilage from damage. The present study was carried out to explore the relationship between synovial fluid α-MSH levels and articular cartilage degeneration in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency. Synovial fluid α-MSH levels showed an independent and negative correlation with articular cartilage degeneration in patients with knee ACL deficiency. Supplementing with a-MSH may serve as a possible adjuvant therapy for delaying cartilage degeneration after ACL injury.